Thursday, August 27, 2020

Financial Markets and Bank Management Coursework - 1

Money related Markets and Bank Management - Coursework Example The organization sells recycled garments in the African markets. Rive Gauche designs to investigate another market opportunity in Asia. The organization intends to fulfill the need in the new market by bringing in more garments from Germany. Rive Gauche Ltd looks for working capital financing through overdraft. The realities point that the organization lean towards meeting the deficiency in its working capital by looking for transient wellsprings of assets (bank overdraft). On that note, the current overdraft of the organization remains at  £ 90,000. The administration intends to expand the overdraft level to  £ 400,000, which is an expansion by  £ 310,000. At the end of the day, the organization is looking for a credit worth  £ 310,000 to meet its working capital needs as it investigates the new market. Working capital is shown up at by the accompanying recipe: working capital = (current resources †current liabilities). The organization depends on its working money to meet current commitments and run the everyday activities. Thusly, is prudent for administrators to figure and execute increasingly effective working capital administration techniques. The essential purpose for the best system is to guarantee the steady accessibility of adequate degrees of working capital. Rive Gauche Ltd.’s current resources are (stock + obligations + money) = (311,000 + 208,000 + 40,000) =  £ 559,000. Then again, the current liabilities are (lenders + different liabilities) = (200,000 + 200,000) =  £ 400,000. In light of the working capital equation, the company’s working capital = (559,000 †400,000) =  £ 159,000. The estimation expresses that Rive Gauche Ltd right now has  £ 159,000 to meet its present commitments. The investigation obviously shows that working capital isn't adequate to cover the current commitments. Hence, the company’s working capital prerequisite is resolved as follows: working capital necessity = (current obligation †working capital) = (400,000 †159,000) =  £ 241,000 (Bhattacharya 2009, pp).

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Observation Checklist Essay

Theory on Education is the conviction that the enthusiasm to learn, the duty to succeed, and the inspiration to attempt, is the entry through the basic beliefs that an educator imparts to an understudy, as learning turns into a method of direction that urges students to improve. It is an educator’s obligation to give a situation that displays a huge number of ways for youngsters to participate during the time spent learning. At the point when I was a little youngster, I generally needed to show individuals the things I have learned through my family, companions, manuals, and educators. At that point, I entered the field of educating, where I had the option to present to a group of people of youngsters, different procedures in perusing, composing, and math under the sponsorship of the head instructor. Not to mention, I needed to help those whom where significantly more test than others. This intrigue has launch me towards the start of my vocation in training. The excursion through my past encounters as an instructor right hand foreshadowed my educating styles. Under the support of the affirmed staff, I was allowed the chance to work in a populace that requires an additional piece of persistence. In figuring my way to deal with each class exercise, there was a need to actualize hands-on learning as the reason for each work meeting. A commemorating commitment with the understudy, while advancing support, and trust in taking undertakings has its job to some degree with the learning procedure. When the understudy gets independent, at that point the instructing has successfully achieve its job. Besides, the significance of an educator making evaluations on a student’s abilities is crucial to encouraging training. In the effective getting a handle on of a scholastic material and its substance, having the option to have compatibility with the understudies to increase better comprehension of their abilities ought to interweave straightforwardly with each learning style. Cultivating a positive encouraging condition necessitates that the understudy gets an encouragement to take an interest in an amicable environment. As a decree, there ought to be ability for every understudy to communicate with a most extreme pride towards their work and achievement. All in all, my objective as an educator is to give to in every single understudy with the vital aptitudes and information so they could prevail all alone. I need to leave a memory of myself as educator who was not reluctant to move up the sleeves to help another understudy in any capacity and affected others to make the best choice. My associates review me an instructor who routinely takes an interest and who was dynamic to contribute help to the school network.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Essay Writing Tips For IELTS

Essay Writing Tips For IELTSIf you are trying to get an IELTS, you will find that you are not the only one looking for some of the essay writing tips for IELTS. IELTS or the International English Language Testing System is a test that is used by students from many different countries and in many different situations to determine what level of English they have in their native language.If you want to be able to enter the English literature major at a university, you will need to take the exam. There are many different levels to this test, from IELTS Basic to IELTS Intermediate. The levels are based on how you speak, your grammar, and even your accent.Most colleges and universities will require you to have taken the exam before you can enter their programs. So how do you know what levels to take? Well if you look at your school's list of courses, chances are that they will indicate which level you need to take to advance to.IELTS stands for 'Individual Academic Literacy Skills Test.' I t is a test that is given by two IELTS-member companies: the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) and IELTS. Before you get on the IELTS, you will need to do a lot of research about the test so that you know exactly what you need to do to pass.There are plenty of essays that you can choose from, but there are some key words that you need to use when writing your essay so that you can maximize your chances of passing. First of all, you should know that the more grammar that you use, the better chance you have of passing the test. It doesn't matter if you are writing an essay, a report, or a paper, if you don't know how to properly use grammar you will have problems.Using the right grammar will also allow you to write concisely. You don't want to ramble on. There are also lots of tips to guide you through the process of writing your essay.The first thing you need to do is to write your essay on a single sheet of paper. For this reason, you should look to use a word processor like Microsoft Word. It is easy to use and works great when it comes to writing a long essay.You should then write your essay. When you are writing an essay, always remember to proofread it several times. This will ensure that it is error free. IELTS essay writing tips will be available on the official IELTS website so that you can easily download the tips and ideas you need to get the job done.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Second Amendment Act Of The United States - 1865 Words

The Second Amendment gives people the right to keep and bear arms. Some in the government wish to take this right away. The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution is a part of the Bill of Rights that guarantees the right of the people to keep and bear arms. This amendment, adopted on December 15, 1791 along with the rest of the Bill of Rights was created or several reasons. One is to ensure citizens’ rights to own a firearm. This topic has become one of the most controversial topics over the last century. It has led more debates over the rising violence in society today. For example, what role firearms play in violence, how to control the sale of weapons, and how to put an end to all violence involving guns. Guns are regulated by federal, and state, legislation. There is little, if any uniformity state versus state. The major regulatory issues are child access and prevention laws, concealed weapon carry laws, regulation on private sales to minors, regulating all secondary used market sales, ownership or purchase of ‘assault† type weapons, one handgun a month law, ban on Saturday Night Specials and others of this type, preemption, and waiting periods of ownership. The key question to control is when will it be enough. How many laws are they going to make before they ban gun sales to law-abiding citizens altogether. The Second Amendment was written for specific reasons. It was not written for them to come back and add all these provisions to it. TheseShow MoreRelatedThe New York State Secure Ammunition and Firearms Enforcment Act of 20131014 Words   |  4 PagesYork State Secure Ammunition and Firearms Enforcement Act of 2013 or SAFE Act was signed into law January 15, 2013. The law was written in reaction to the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting in Newtown, Connecticut. This Bill passed the New York State Senate on January 14th, and the State Assembly January 15th. Not long after, the bill was signed by Governor Andrew Cuomo. With this new bill in place, New York State has climbed to the top with the toughest gun control law in the United StatesRead MorePublic Gun Control And The United States1732 Words   |  7 PagesPublic Gun Control in the United States Gun Control in the United States of America is a sensitive (understatement) topic that has resulted in various criticism and support by many citizens of the United States (also an understatement). Some citizens believe that the guns don t kill people; it is the people that kill people while others believe that guns lead to violence and a feeling of control and power over others. The belief of some is that if firearms were to be eliminated from the publicRead MoreThe Right to Bear Arms1866 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction In this essay highlighting the second amendment, I will focus mostly on the right to bear arms. The Second Amendment states, â€Å" A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.† I think that the founders put this in the constitution to keep the sense of freedom they had in England concerning arms, and other than a small force of paid officers, the United States had no professional, trained army. InsteadRead MoreGun Control Of The United States1698 Words   |  7 PagesThe shootings that has happened throughout the Unites States has created a great divide among Americans on what should our nation do to prevent further shootings from happening. Many people believe that forcing new laws on how people purchase weapons should require background checks. Gun Control in the United States of America is a topic that has had lots of criticism and support by many citizens. The critical people of this topic believe that the guns do not kill people, it is the people that killRead MoreGun Control Of The United States1704 Words   |  7 Pageshe shootings that has happened all through the Unites States has made an great divide among Americans on what ought our country do to keep further shootings from happening. Numerous individuals trust that forcing new laws on how people buy weapons should require background verifications. Gun Control in the United States of America is a topic that has had lots of criticism and support by numerous citizens. The critical people of this topic trust that the guns don t murder people, is that people killRead MoreAmending the Second Amendment1083 Words   |  4 Pagestragedy, the debate over how to interpret the 2nd amendment continues. Gun control laws are the government’s way of regulating the manufacture, sale, transportation, possession, and use of firearms. In our world today, we face the vast controversy of gun control and who should be able to possess a destructive firearm, and under what conditions. These laws differ significantly around the world, and in fact the laws in the United States vary by state. Supporters of strict gun laws argue the dangersRead MoreInterpreting The 5th Amendment And The Rights Of A Free State, The Right Of The People1484 Words   |  6 PagesInterpreting the 2nd Amendment and how to define â€Å"A well regulated Militia Being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed.† Has been a constant battle between the courts and Citizens for years starting with United States v. Miller, 307 U.S. 174 (1939) In US VS. Miller the defendant Jack Miller and Frank Layton were accused of Knowingly, and Willfully transporting firearms over state borders without proper Documentation. Read More1st and 2nd Amendment1723 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿ The First and Second Amendments of the United States Constitution On September 25, 1789, The Bill Of Rights was submitted to the states for approval, based on the previous Constitutions insufficient assurances for civil freedom, liberties and justice. Concerned that the Constitution neglected to clearly state the basic civil rights of the citizens of the United States, Anti- Federalists opposed the Articles of Confederations, which gave state governments more authority (â€Å"Bill of Rights, n.dRead MoreCase Analysis : Schenck V. United States852 Words   |  4 PagesShivani Patel Case Brief Schenck V. United States 1. Case Title: The title of the case is Schenck V. United States; it took place in 1919. The plaintiff is the United States and the defendant is Charles Schenck. 2. The law: This case involves the Espionage Act and the first amendment. United States convicted Schenck on the basis of violating the Espionage Act, specifically Section 3, which states when the United States is at war, people can not willingly cause or attempt to cause disloyalty andRead MoreCivil Liberties And Civil Rights1318 Words   |  6 Pagesfor them. The United States has gone from being ruled by a king to a lose constitution to finally a constitution that has lasted many years. This constitution has gone through many changes in order to protect the rights of U.S. citizens. Moreover, these changes have occurred by much insistence and court cases from the people. Out of these changes, civil rights and civil liberties have erupted in order to protect the lives of citizens even more. Who we are as citizens of the United States can be characterized

Friday, May 15, 2020

Why Education Is Important For Children With Special Needs

I believe education is one of the most important tools a person can have in life. Every child deserves to receive the best education possible, regardless of special needs. Being placed in the least restrictive environment, gaining necessary life skills and learning how to relate and communicate with people from different walks of life is imperative to the academic growth and success of any student. I have taught children with special needs in the Grand Rapids Public School district for nineteen years. It has always been my passion to help each child discover their individual gifts and talents and to reach their full potential. All children carry special gifts inside of them. I believe that anyone working with a special needs child has the†¦show more content†¦Every child is part of a community and should be given the opportunity to participate in the same projects and events as every other community member, regardless of any physical or mental limitations they may have. I believe with all my heart that every child can learn. Every child has the ability inside them to grow and advance. Some may learn more than others and in different ways, but all can learn and should be treated with the respect and with an open heart. While this differs a lot from Quintillian’s beliefs, I thought of my students when I read that he believed in recognizing a student’s differences. As a self-contained special education teacher, I have small groups of students than a typical general education classroom. This allows me to do what I love- develop a relationship with my students based on respect, fun, and a want to succeed. My classroom is very interactive, and always in small groups or one-on-one. I believe in individualized teaching to each of my student’s strengths. We constantly use manipulatives and real-life experiences (like Montessori). I plan my lessons to be short and mobile, with stations so students move around the room. I tell my students that we all have bad days, but no matter what they do and what kind of day they have, I will be their cheerleader, on and off the â€Å"field† until they graduate to fourth grade. And I follow through with that and show them. I believe in rewardingShow MoreRelatedSpecial Needs : Teaching Needs1573 Words   |  7 PagesTeaching Special Needs What I Already Know / What I wanted to Know â€Å"Well, I only became a special needs teacher because all the teachers that your father had when he was in school all told him that he will never learn to read after he was diagnosed with severe dyslexia. So when he was put in special needs for his dyslexia, I started going to school to become a special needs teacher.† my grandmother told me. This made me start to wonder why he couldn’t just stay in the normal classroom and have justRead MoreNo Child Left Behind Act907 Words   |  4 PagesEducation has evolved over the years and special education has come a long way from where it began. However, there are still changes that are needed for special education. This paper gives an outlook on three major events in the history over the years and how it has shaped and changed special education. It also discusses the changes that still need to be made to continue to evolve. Three Important Moments No Child Left Behind Act The No Child Left behind Act allowed schools to determine the qualityRead MoreSpecial Needs Children and the Special Education Program Controversy1409 Words   |  6 PagesSpecial education is such a broad and sensitive topic to talk about as well as the several issues that come with the Special education topic. And although there are a variety of issues, such as: special education children being accepted, segregated from their peers, the financial ability to support many special education programs, and the fact that a lot of teachers are not properly certified and do not know how to handle special needs children; there are also many resolutions. Special educationRead MoreReflection on My Ability as a Teacher of Special Needs Children1038 Words   |  5 Pagesdeveloped over time is personally satisfying. Educating children especially children with special needs is a challenge within its self. As a teacher it is important that this writer makes a positive influence with students. There are going to be certain ideas that one tries to uphold and other discriminations that one will not allow. Everyone has their own beliefs teachers should do what is necessary not to infringe on others, but show children different way to think so that they have all the informationRead MoreHow Self Determination, Education, Has On Children Who Have Special Needs Essay1467 Words   |  6 PagesThe purpose of this paper is to explore the effect self-determination, in education, has on children who have special needs. The goal of this paper is to show that people with special needs need to be taught self-determination in order to produce an independent adult who can take care of themselves to their fullest extent. Upon looking at the research cited, it has become evident that a low level of self-determination will result in a child that cannot make decisions for themselves. Those studentsRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of Inclusion For Special Education Essay1626 Words   |  7 Pages paper I am going to be talking about the pros and cons of inclusion for Special Education children. By definition, Inclusion rejects the use of special schools or classrooms to separate students with disabilities from students without disabilities. Special Education is a topic that is important, even though people may not realize how important it is for the fact that they don’t understand what goes into Special Education for children in schools. â€Å"Negative beliefs many people have about individuals withRead MoreWhy Special Needs Students Should Be Mainstreamed1282 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Æ' Why special needs students should be mainstreamed What is Mainstreaming? According to (Mainstreaming: The Special Needs Child Goes to School), Mainstreaming means that the special needs child attends a regular classroom along with students who are his or her actual (not development) age. Mainstreaming means that the child is not kept isolated in a special class, away from peers, but is included just like everyone else. Most children that have physical disabilities, learning difficulties, orRead MoreSpecial Needs For Special Education951 Words   |  4 Pagesthe total number of students with special needs in the United States has grown from 1990 through 2005. Studies from the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) show that there are 4.8 million children enrolled in public schools who received special education between the ages of 3-21. The studies show that in 1990 the percent of children receiving special education in the school was 11 percent, while in 2005 the amount of students receiving special education grew t o 14 percent. Actual studiesRead More Research Paper1375 Words   |  6 PagesResearch Paper Inclusive education means that all students in a school, regardless of their strengths or weaknesses in any area, become part of the school community. They are included in the feeling of belonging among other students, teachers, and support staff. The educational practice known as, full inclusion may have negative effects on the self-esteem of a special needs child. In 1975, Congress passed the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, also known as Public Law94-142. BeforeRead MoreH. Research Paper.1378 Words 6 Pages. Research Paper. Inclusive1389 Words   |  6 PagesWords 6 Pages Research Paper Inclusive education means that all students in a school, regardless of their strengths or weaknesses in any area, become part of the school community. They are included in the feeling of belonging among other students, teachers, and support staff. The educational practice known as, full inclusion may have negative effects on the self-esteem of a special needs child. In 1975, Congress passed the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, also known as Public Law94-142.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Text Book Purchasing Supply Chain Management - 2090 Words

BUS-230-W01 Joseph Marshone Phillip Lemmon Case Study Avion, Inc. 9/28/14 In Case 1 (Avion, Inc.) of the text book Purchasing Supply Chain Management, procurement managers Susan Dey and Bill Mifflin are having a meeting about struggles of a supplier they are using for a certain material required to make their product. In this meeting they start by discussing how they are in a large surprise that this Foster Technologies, the supplier, is not meeting the quality and on time delivery they had set forth to get. Initially they discuss if the supplier had shown enough promise at their facility in order to meet these standards. Bill Mifflin then pushed the fact that Foster had shown great promise and had very impressive flow processes and†¦show more content†¦All of these responsibilities play a large role in this case. Avion, Inc. is not carrying on all of their responsibilities in this case and is causing for disruption in the supply chain. Supporting operation requirements is the issue that brings up the discussion the three procurement mangers discuss in this case because they are not able to meet those requirements. The break down is in the responsibility of develop strong relationships with other functional groups. The procurement team does not have this strong relationship with their production group or supplier. Because of the lack of relationship they have with these two groups they were unaware of the issues that production had increased and Fosters could not increase to the same level. This low level of communication is an extremely potential risk in the strength of the supply chain. Procurement needs to have large levels of communication and knowledge of all other groups in the supply chain in order to best carry out their responsibilities and maintain the smooth flow of material. Lastly, the purchasing organization of the supply chain plays a large role in this case. Their roles are supply sourcing, supplier management, cost control, and legal controls. Cost control and legal control are a very important part of the purchasingShow MoreRelatedBusiness Textbook Supply Chain Essays676 Words   |  3 PagesSeptember 25, 2011 MGT301-CE Case 1 Business Textbook Supply Chain 1. 20.4 2. Some may think that the only customers of textbooks are the students but that is not the case. There are a variety of customers that buy the textbook before it even reaches the student, someone has to decide what textbook the students are going to be using for which particular course. Business school curricula is changing and therefore their textbooks needs are changing, they want textbooks that cover aRead MoreCase Study Assignment1060 Words   |  5 Pages2011 Course Title : Supply Chain Management Class Timing: Wednesday 7:00 P M to 10:10 PM Class Room: NAC 506 Section: 1 Instructor Information Instructor: Kanchan Das, Ph. D. Campus Address: NAC 644 Phone: Campus : Extension 1771, Cell phone #01753335095 E-mail: Office hours: Mondays and Wednesdays: 4:00 to 5:00 PM or by appointment. Course Descriptions: The course covers business process concepts of Supply Chain Management including its strategicRead MoreEssay on The culture of Quality at Arnold Palmer Hospital2902 Words   |  12 Pagesï » ¿Chapter Supply-Chain Management Discussion Questions 1.â€Æ'Supply-chain management is the management of the activities that procure raw materials, transform them into intermediate goods and final products, and deliver the products to customers through a distribution system. 2.â€Æ'The supply-chain function’s role is to help identify the products and services that can best be obtained externally; develop, evaluate, and determine the best supplier, price, and delivery for them. 3.â€Æ'The objective of logisticsRead MoreBusiness: Its Nature and Environment2909 Words   |  12 PagesBasic Marketing Research (Paperback) 6th Edition Author: Gilbert A. Churchill , Tom J. Brown Reserve Price: 115 Buy Out: 118 Fundamentals of Operations Management Second Canadian Edition Author: Mark Davis , Janelle Heineke , Jaydeep Balakrishnan Reserve Price: 81 Buy Out: 84 Essentials of Contemporary Management Author: Gareth Jones, Jennifer George, Charles W.L. Hill, Michael Rock Reserve Price: 62 Buy Out: 64 Intercultural Communication for Business ModuleRead MoreA Case Study Report on Inventory Management at Amazon.Com4739 Words   |  19 PagesSupply Chain Management: An International Journal Emerald Article: E-supply chains - virtually non-existing Remko van Hoek Article information: To cite this document: Remko van Hoek, (2001),E-supply chains - virtually non-existing, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, Vol. 6 Iss: 1 pp. 21 - 28 Permanent link to this document: Downloaded on: 23-05-2012 References: This document contains references to 11 other documents Citations: ThisRead MoreThe Role Of Social Media On Global E Commerce1507 Words   |  7 Pagesthe participants (companies) trade their products and services using computer networks. The buyers and sellers can use platforms like mobile commerce, electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, online transaction processing, data collection, internet marketing, electronic data interchange and inventory management systems. Currently, most of these transactions have taken advantage of the World Wide Web, which is largely accessed through emails and other platforms. E-commerce entails onlineRead MoreWill Burys Price Elasticity1688 Words   |  7 PagesW ill Bury Price Elasticity Introduction Will Burys e-publishing invention that can produce both digital text and understandable digitally-read text quickly from published books has the potential to completely disrupt digital publishing, digital recording and a wide spectrum of other training-related industries. His early efforts at selling the recordings and downloadable book files online have been disappointing, showing an apparent lack of price elasticity in the market. One of the fundamentalRead MoreRocky Mountain Outfitters and Its Strategic Information Systems Plan3652 Words   |  15 PagesINFORMATION SYSTEMS PLAN To demonstrate the important systems analysis and design techniques in this text, we follow a system development project for a company named Rocky Mountain Outfitters (RMO). RMO is a sports clothing manufacturer and distributor that is about to begin development of a new customer support system. You will encounter RMO customer support system examples in all chapters of this book. For now, try to get a feel for the nature of the business, the approach the company took to defineRead MoreAnalysis Of Michael Porter s Value Chain Essay1740 Words   |  7 Pagesfamous theories: â€Å"The Value Chain†. Through this model is possible to describe an organization like a set of processes. Precisely nine processes divided in five primary activities and four support activities that help the business to gain its competitive advantage. The primary activities are composed by â€Å"Inbound Logistics†, â€Å"Operations†, â€Å"Outbound Logistics†, â€Å"Marketing Salesâ €  and â€Å"Service†, while the support activities are: â€Å"Firm Infrastructure†, â€Å"Human Resource Management†, â€Å"Technology Development†Read MoreDbms Function978 Words   |  4 Pages1. While users were updating the Premiere Products database, one of the transactions was interrupted. You need to explain to management what steps the DBMS will take to correct the database. Using the sample log in Figure 7-1 1, list and describe the updates that the DBMS will roll back if transaction 2 is interrupted at 8:10. In transaction 2, the DBMS started it at 8:01, added an Orders table record at 8:02, and added an Order Line table record at8:05 and added an Order Line table record at 8:09

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

World Development Affection

Question: Discuss how slavery and / or other forms of forced migration affected world development. Answer: The term forced migration has been described by the International Association for the Study of Forced Migration (IASFM) as the movements of refugees, internally displaced people and people displaced from their original residence by natural or environmental phenomenon or developmental projects. Allen (2012) viewed the force migration as the wide-range, complex and invasive set of phenomenon. Studies have - identified three types of casual factors of migration. These factors include conflict, development policies and projects and any kind of disaster. The forced migration is originally a French word, which means uprooting and referred to the movement of the person or a group of persons away from the home or the habitat. If a group or individual is migrating within the country, it is known as the internally displaced person (IPD). It is related to violent coercion and the referred to the term displacement. From the viewpoint of Anner (2012), the migration is considered as involuntary du ring the physical transport of the person from a country and there is no scope of escape from the persons transporting the individual. Movement under threat includes the voluntary elements as long as there is opportunity to escape from the part of the country. Migration and refugees throughout the historical period has major impact on the development of worlds economy and social structure. There are several causes of migration. Natural disaster is one of the cause of displacement or migration of population. It might lead to temporary or permanent displacement of a group of resident from an area, where the natural disaster has been occurred, and the survival strategy becomes migration. The forced migration in the new location results in displacement of entire population and it becomes the social challenge to the community and government (Ayenagbo 2012). The term environment-induced refugee represents the forced people for leaving their traditional resident for the environmental disruption like biological, physical or chemical change in ecosystem. Other causes of migration include project development, environmental problems, fleeing persecution, human trafficking, slavery, political, civil war or religious conflicts (Bank 2013). These three categories of forced migration are common topic of academic research by different academic communities. The consequences of forced migration have been identified by the governmental, inter-governmental and non-governmental agencies. Conflict-induced displacement is referred to that migration which includes forced migration of people and the state authorities are incapable of protecting them. The example can be the civil war, generalized violence and persecution on grounds of race, religion, political opinion and religion. At the time of Cold war, there has been a growth of number of conflicts - across the world (Black 2012). At the end of the cold war, there was also dramatic increase in frequency of internally displaced persons (IPDs) and they are currently more than the number of global refugee population. Development-induced displacement can be referred to those people who are forced to move out of their habitat as a result of the projects or policies. Examples include infrastructure projects like dams, ports, roads, airports etc. These kinds of displacements affect indigenous and ethnic minorities and the poor urban or rural population mostly (Chowdari 2013). Disaster-induced displacement is the category of forced migration, which is due to the natural disasters like floods, volcanoes, earthquake, and deforestation along with human-made disasters. This kind of migration along with the human population also affects agriculture (Brennan and Packer 2012). This kind of migration or displacement is affecting millions of people every year throughout the world. A number of different international organizations assist these affected people by natural disasters like International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (Eltis Engerman et al. 2011). Development-induced displacement occurred throughout the world, but China and India are two most important countries in this context. According to Chakrabarti and Chatterjee (2012), the resettlement in China displaced 45 million people by development projects in the country within 1950 to 2000. The displacement within India from dam projects displaced 21 to 40 million people. It was estimated that 127000 people were displaced during the project Narmada Sardar Sarovar Dam Project (Eltis Engerman et al. 2011). It has been estimated that, developmental displacements affected economy of the country also. Forced migration is occurred during massive disruption of food supply, health service and shelter. The rapid enhancement of members under health service department of the area, where inflation of migrants occur, makes the health service unable to cope with the influx of displaced people, which lead to mortality and morbidity in settlement areas. In 1994, 7 to 9% Rwandan refugees died in the North Kivu region of eastern Zaire (Chowdari 2013). The displaced migrants faced a higher crude mortality rate than the non-displaced population during the time of complex emergencies. The vulnerability of these migrants is due to the loss of social networks and their personal assets, lack of knowledge of the new settlement area, lack of knowledge of the local language, reduced access to the health care services, inadequate shelter, lack of sanitization, decreased food and water security. Migration is one of the major issues in Africa. The results of migration can be viewed as the essential part of labor markets. During last few decades, in different parts of world, migration has been taken place with different forms. The migration has been cut the class and skill limitations and existed within the diverse geographical and demographic contexts. Migration in that kind of situation proved to be important livelihood strategy for the migrants, especially for the poor households, who seek to diversify their source of income (Eltis Engerman et al. 2011). Estimation revealed 20 to 50 million migrants in Africa; however, the statistical data on migration flows and related data revealed undocumented flows. Evidences showed patterns of internal migration, which has been influenced by economic crisis and structural modification. Sometimes, negative effects on rural livelihoods have also been identified. Migrants to Europe and United States were mostly educated persons, who gave rise to the significant focus on brain drain issues. The Sub-Saharan Africa observed the flows of forced migrants which included internally displaced people and trafficking sufferers. While migration was the key factor for shaping settlement patterns and livelihood, the occupational diversification in rural parts was linked to mobility. In Africa, recent studies revealed that, 50 to 80 % rural residents have at least one migrant member with enhanced involvement of independent women (Fede 2012). The first and second world wars crisis had major impact on migration. Muslims migrated from Balkan to Turkey and Christians migrated towards other ways during Ottoman Empire collapse. During 1915, the Ottoman government gets on the systematic decimation of the resident Armenian population. This discrimination continued till the replacement of Ottoman Empire by the Republic of Turkey in 1923. In 1915 Ottoman state was reported with two million populations and the estimation revealed one million in 1918, when hundreds of thousand people became homeless and stateless refugees (Franklin 2012). In 1923 approximately the entire Armenian population of Anatolian Turkey departed. The Russian Civil War forced three million Russians, Germans and Poles to migrate out from New Soviet Union. The Decolonization followed by the Second World War led to migration also. The Jewish communities were formed from involuntary and voluntary migrants throughout Europe, Middle East and Mediterranean. The migra tion to the British Mandate of Palestine was enhanced after the Holocaust and it became the modern Israel state, which was the result of the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine (Goings et al. 2012). Most of the European colonial economies in America within the period of 16th to 19th century were dependent on the African labors transported as slaves for their survival. The European colonial officials discussed that; discovered abundant land was useless without adequate labor force to explore the land. In this context, they preferred exploitation of slavery system, however, the European or Native American were inadequate for the task (Greene 2011). The trans-Saharan slave trade supplied Africa labor for working on sugar plantations in the Mediterranean on the other hand the Russian slaves and Balkans were also included. This slave trade sent 10000 slaves per year for serving owners in North America, Middle East and Iberian Peninsula (Chakrabarti and Chatterjee 2012). They became the major labor force in Western Hemisphere and became the overwhelming majority of the colonial populations in the America. 6.5 million Immigrants survived after crossing the Atlantic and settled in the W estern Hemisphere within 1492 to 1776, within them 1 million were European. The remaining 5.5 million slaves were African. In 16th and 17th century the profit made from the goods produced by Brazil and American countries were used to purchase more slaves for strengthening their economy (Hamada 2012). While looking back to the development of civilization in human history, it can be seen that, it is significantly marked by the appalling crimes. One of the significant and hardened histories was the record of the African slavery; minimum 10 centuries of slavery benefited Muslim countries, since 9th century to 19th century (Chakrabarti and Chatterjee 2012). After the period, more than four centuries, from the end of 15th century to 19th century, the slavery trade built the America and Christian states of Europe. Four million slaves were transported through Red Sea, Swahili ports of Indian Ocean, nine million were transported via trans-Saharan caravan route and 11-20 million slaves were exported through Atlantic Ocean (Johnson 2012). Within these, the Atlantic trade was directed at Africans, but the Muslim countries exported both white and black slaves. This form of slavery contributed to the present structure of Africa. It disrupted the stability of the continent permanently and lead to the colonization by the Europeans. It created the racism and contempt, which are the reason of suffering of the African countries (Kadish and Massardier-Kenney 2010). The European slave trade was not originally developed by the Arab trade. However, the Arab slave trade was influenced by for the satisfaction of the domestic needs. Iraq tried to enslave the African labors in the production plants, but it resulted in disaster. The result was widespread revolts. At 19th century the black slaves were used for producing goods like cloves and coconut in plantations of Zanzibar, they were partly exported to Western markets (Kara 2012). The Atlantic slave trade was important example of forced migration of population in human history. It was documented that, only 10% slaves were imported from Africa were exported to United States, other 90% were distributed through the American countries. Within them half of the slaves went to Brazil or Caribbean (Marcussi 2012). This 10% slaves were maintained by the natural reproduction within the slave population in contrast to the continuous supply of new slaves from African countries. Along with the slave trading in Africa, Portuguese exported few slaves to Europe for working in cities. While discussing the slavery and world development, significant focus should be given towards the slavery trends and history of United States and Benin. However, in this context, Africa is the notion where the human life was known to begin. One of the dark practices in history of human is the slavery, which is overlooked in Africa (Marques 2012). The studies of slavery with forced migration of slaves are focused on the context of United States and other European powers. However, slavery shaped the development of many African countries. It also played a vital role in introducing the concept of colonization in many African countries; this is important factor for continuous growth of the African countries. Comparison of development in Benin and United States highlights the effect of slavery on the education and the overall national human developmental index (Minardi 2012). While looking at the African countries in this context, Benin can be considered as this small costal country grabbed attention of European powers with its resources and location since seventeenth century. The exploration of this land was started by Portuguese and then the slave trend involved more foreign involvement (Minardi 2012). The coast of Benin was known as the Slave Coast, because a large number of slaves were exported from the shores of Benin. Many European countries built trading posts and ports in those countries for securing their foothold in the slave trade. French were colonized in Benin and left a major impact on the development of the country (Chakrabarti and Chatterjee 2012). They styled the democratic government with the election of legislative body. The democratic government helped in the development of Benin. Till the nineteenth century, the dominant export element of Benin was slaves. Fellow countrymen also hold the Benin citizen as slaves. This relationship was promoted by kings, who capitalized on slave exportation relationship within the Benin and European countries for being wealthy and powerful (Nafziger 2012). King Adanggaman used to capture slaves through women warriors and killed those who could not be sold. However, slavery affected Benins development negatively. Abolition of slavery trend in Benin created social, economic and political problems. Many foreign countries lost attraction toward Benin except France. The civil war in Benin developed the government of the country and the slave trade became reduced. It affected the sustainability of the economic growth of the nation. After the elimination of slavery they restored the agricultural sectors and cotton became the most dominating export (O'Connell Davidson 2013). The recent recession in United States affected globally. Benin faced severe economic decline within 2009 to 2010. The country is attempting to achieve the global economy standard with resuming the economic growth at very slow rate of about 4%. Though being an unknown country, Benin has a significant history of slavery with reflection on the multi-dimensional consequences o f slavery. However, for understanding the detailed history of slavery and development understanding American history is also important besides African history. In United States the deadliest war has been seen with a root related to slavery. Around 650000 soldiers died in four years of war (Minardi 2012). In spite of the official cause of war depicted by government was the preservation of the union, the actual cause was related to the southern practice of -slavery (Omelaniuk 2012). The southern states built the economy by growing and selling crops via slave labors, whereas northern states concentrated manufactured-based economy. The civil war affected most negatively through slavery and overshadowed the long-term negative effects of the practice. Through the understanding of the development across the nation can help to understand the effects of slavery through the nation. Slavery did not make sense in the Northern states for high population density and competition (Read 2012). On the other hand, 18% of the population in southern states was slaves and it developed the major economic outputs (Graden 2010). The southern parts of the United Sta tes produced seven eighths of worlds cotton production. Thus, slaves were not only considered as the labor in those parts but were the vital elements of global economy functioning. In 1860s, the dollar value of all the American railroads, banks and manufacturing industries were less than the dollar value of slave property (Chakrabarti and Chatterjee 2012). The economic importance of the manufacturing of cotton was not noticed in Civil war but it was noticed that the fight in Civil war was not only for the stability of Union; rather economic necessity was a major factor. It was revealed that, slavery was the cheap and viable way for producing enough cotton for supplying the majority of global cotton trade by the Southern states of United States (Vacron 2012). Therefore, it can be seen that, the slavery trade made the Unite States an important economic player globally. However, the gap was increasing within the economic development structure of North and South parts of United States and it led to the abolitionist movements as the majority of Northern states forced the abolishment of slavery trend in United States (Minardi 2012). In turn, the political, economic and ethical debate lead to the Civil war, this was an economic black hole for both North and Southern part of United States. The cost of Civil war was $74.7 trillion in United Sta tes current exchange rate. After Civil war the slave owners faced huge economic loss directly (Morgan 2012). The absolute amount of lost economy was overwhelmed by the incomprehensible deaths in both parties. However, approximately 300000 American died in war as the direct result of slavery trend, which overshadowed the economic achievement could be gained by the South via cotton trading. The United States suffered significantly as the result of Civil war but the entire blame cannot be buried onto institution of slavery, United States could solve this problem in other ways, but the nation selected poorly in the resolution of slavery (Morgan 2012). As a result of this Civil War, main of which is the slavery trend the Southern part of United States was affected more, their major means of economic livelihood was declared illegal and the infrastructure of Southern part was destroyed mostly. Huge number of people were killed which included a major reduction in the labor force of the southern part of United States. The devastating effects of slavery spread throughout the world. Sears (2012)depicted that, black slavery was the engine of rising global economic dominance of Europe. It was revealed that Europeans invasion and settlement of New World was dependent on labor of millions black slaves, most of which are forced migrants of African lands. They helped in the capitalization by financing the industrial revolution (Vacron 2012). The economic progress came at the expense of black slaves who built the foundation of modern European capitalism. However, while concerning the creation of capital financing the industrial revolution, it was revealed that slavery trends did not built the major share of the capital, which financed the industrial revolution on Europe. Tillet (2012)argued that, combined profits of slave trade and West Indian plantation did not contribute at least 5% of the Britains national income during industrial revolution. However, the slavery trend was indispensable for development of New World for European. It was unbelievable that, settlement and development of North as well as Southern parts as well as Caribbean was devoid of slave labor. The slaves produced the key consumer supplies, which was the source of the world businesses since the 18th to 19th centuries including coffee, rum, cotton, tobacco and sugar (Sears 2012). In pre-war United States, slavery played a vital role in economic development as discussed earlier. Only a single crop, cotton used to give the half of the export earning in United States. In 1840, the Southern part produced 60% of the worlds entire cotton production and 70% cotton was consumed by British textile industry (Graden 2010). Therefore, it has been revealed that slavery provided a major share of the capital and manufactured products which were the basis of the American economic growth. Additionally, as Southern parts were specialized with Cotton, the northern parts developed different businesses which provided service for Southern slaves including textile factories, insurance companies, cotton brokers, meat processing industry and shippers. The abolitionist battle was not the product of the perception that the slavery was the obstruction for economic development. It was not correct that during middle of nineteenth century slavery was declined (Morgan 2012It was an economically efficient system of production, which can adapt huge range of tasks including agriculture and factory works. Slavery produced huge amount of wealth. During civil war, the south Slave gained a level of per capita wealth, which did not matched by the Spain, Italy till World War II or Mexico or India till 1960. Opponents were viewing the economic growth as the obstacle economic growth of the nation (Vacron 2012). The essay focused on the global trade of migration and slavery and the impact of these on the world development. The discussion revealed a number of major migrations throughout the world, which shapes the economy as well as the infrastructure of different countries with long-term impact. In most of the cases, migrants moved for getting a better life, but the history says that, they faced worst situation. The migration of people affected both the countries where the migrants are entering and from where they were migrating. One of the major negative outcomes of migration was the slavery trade. The -slavery trade affected the African and European economy significantly. The harsh history was migration and slavery was discussed in this essay. The slavery trade was one of the major economic strength in the southern part of Unites States. Most of the slaves were black and exported from African land through seashores. The slavery trend had a major impact on world economy as a whole. South Am erica was mostly dependent on their slave trade till mid-nineteenth when the Civil war caused huge loss of the major way of trading in Southern parts of United States. 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